In India, the country`s informal sector has accounted for more than 80% of the non-agricultural industry over the past 20 years. Insufficient employment means that the option for the majority of Indian citizens is to find work in the informal sector, which continues to grow due to the contractual system and the outsourcing of production. [73] An article in First Post (June 2018) indicates that about 1.3 billion people, or more than 68% of the asia-pacific workforce, earn their living through the informal economy. It is widespread in rural areas (about 85 per cent) and nearly 48 per cent in urban areas. 2 billion of the world`s population (61%) work in the informal sector. [74] According to an article published in Eco-Business in June 2018, the informal sector has become an essential part of the economic environment of cities in this region. From now on, the importance of the contribution of informal workers deserves to be recognized. [75] A similar picture emerges from other countries. In 1998, only 6 per cent of all formal workers in Egypt were illiterate, while 30 per cent of all informal workers could not read. In El Salvador and Russia, where the majority of informal employment is concentrated in retail and small businesses, hotels, construction, domestic services and light industry, there are different sectoral models.

Both of these issues would be greatly enhanced by the acquisition of title deeds to legally recognized assets. Field et al. (2003) investigate recent experiences with granting legal titles to inhabited apartments in Peru. Those who received the titles were more likely to find more rewarding work and felt less compelled to protect the right to their home. For example, the awarding of titles has contributed to a significant improvement in the environment for productive job matches. The spectrum ranges from self-employment or unpaid family work[25] to street vendors, shoe shiners and scrap metal collectors. [3] At the upper end of the spectrum are higher-level informal activities, such as . B, small service or manufacturing enterprises, which have more limited access. [3] [25] Informal activities at the top level are associated with higher installation costs, which can include complicated licensing requirements and irregular operating times. [25] However, most workers in the informal sector, even if they are self-employed or salaried, do not have access to secure employment, benefits, social protection or representation.

[4] These characteristics are different from those of businesses and employees in the formal sector who have regular hours of operation, regular location and other structured services. [25] A number of case studies compiled here examine the impact of experiences on informal working arrangements. Experience was defined as the number of potential years in the labour market, i.e. the difference between the person`s current age and the estimated age of entry into the labour market, taking into account the number of years spent in school on average. While this is likely an imperfect measure of actual experience, it provides information about the potential experience each individual may have in the job market and provides a basis for evaluating experience performance. In addition, any measurement error is likely to be attributed equally to workers in the informal and formal economies, making it possible to compare these two groups. The Bangladesh Planning Commission`s Sixth Five-Year Plan (2011-2015) sets a key objective for accelerating growth, with a focus on supporting the transition from informal to formal employment. The plan notes that growth must be driven by the contributions of small informal enterprises and large formal enterprises; It formulates policies that promote the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises, as well as vertical links between formal and informal enterprises, particularly in the manufacturing sector. By examining the nature of the informal sector, its links with the formal sector and its contribution to growth, our findings will highlight policies that could best be used to achieve these goals. Increasing informalisation therefore carries a very real risk that large (and disproportionately vulnerable) groups of workers will be excluded from pension benefits and other social security guarantees linked to employment in the formal sector.

In addition, the relative isolation of several forms of informal employment (e.g. B, domestic production) leaves these workers out of networks that could give them the information and bargaining power to claim a larger share of economic output. A conclusion strongly supported by this task force is that the informal sector in developing countries is generally not in decline[…].